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REQUIREMENT FOR REHABILITATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITY



We have to know the basic concept to Rehabilitation before starting the rehabilitation of a differently abled children or Children with Disability.

Rehabilitation

Rehabilitation is the act of restoring something to its original state, when something falls in to disrepair and needs to be restored to a better condition Rehabilitation o person with disabilities is a process aimed at enabling them to reach and maintain their optimal physical, sensory, intellectual, psychological and social functional levels. Rehabilitation provides disabled people with the tools they need to attain independence and self-determination.

The rehabilitation of children with disabilities can be performed with the help of both Physiotherapy & Occupational therapy.

Physiotherapy

Is the treatment of disease, injury, or deformity by physical methods such as massage, heat treatment, and exercise rather than by drugs or surgery.

  1. Physiotherapists help people affected by injury, illness or disability through movement and exercise, manual therapy, education and advice.
  2. They maintain health for people of all ages, helping patients to manage pain and prevent disease.
  3. The profession helps to encourage development and facilitate recovery, enabling people to stay in work while helping them to remain independent for as long as possible.

Area of physiotherapy treatment

Physiotherapy is a degree-based healthcare profession. Physios use their knowledge and skills to improve a range of conditions associated with different systems of the body, such as:

  1. Neurological (stroke, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's)
  2. Neuromusculoskeletal (back pain, whiplash associated disorder, sports injuries, arthritis)
  3. Cardiovascular (chronic heart disease, rehabilitation after heart attack)
  4. Respiratory (asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cystic fibrosis).

Occupational Therapy

Is a treatment to assist patients in relearning a variety of daily activities, including eating, dressing, and personal hygiene. These activities are referred to as activities of daily living (ADL). Occupational therapists also help patients regain control and function of their arms and hands. Additionally, occupational therapist may assess the need for a wheelchair, specialized cushions, or other equipment that will allow patients to function safely and independently in the home and community environment. Therapists instruct both the patient and family on the use of this equipment, positioning and transferring techniques, and activities of daily living.

client-centered practice that places a premium on the progress towards the client’s goals. Occupational therapy interventions focus on adapting the environment, modifying the task, teaching the skill, and educating the client/family in order to increase participation in and performance of daily activities, particularly those that are meaningful to the client. Occupational therapists often work closely with professionals in physical therapy, speech therapy, nursing, social work, and the community.

More........

Gyan